New Mexico Zuni Pueblo Pottery Styles
Zuni Pueblo is the largest pueblo in New Mexico. Zuni pottery reflects the importance of water in the life of the pueblo peoples. The Zuni believed in an important symbol, known as the rain bird, which they used in designing much of their pottery. The design does not look much like a real bird, but is a combination of triangles, circles and curves. The secret of the rain bird is the triangle-shaped body. If the triangle is tilted in a certain way, it could mean that the bird is calling for rain. If the triangle appears vertical, it might mean that the bird is happy because there is rain. If the triangle appears to be lying down, it is because the bird is weak because of a lack of rain. Other common designs on Zuni pottery are the frog and tadpole (rain symbols), the dragonfly (the summoner of clouds), and zig-zag lines (flowing water). Zuni potters create more “open” pieces – bowls and pottery baskets -than they do pitchers, ollas, or seed jars.
Zuni pottery is made of clay that uses crushed pottery sherds as temper. This gives the finished pot a white color. Most pots are coated with a white or red slip and then painted with black and red paints.In addition to the rain symbols listed above, Zuni potters also employ the “heartline deer” image that featuresan open-mouthed deer with a red arrow extending from the mouth to the inside of the deer. Zuni artists are also well-known for their “lizard” fetish bowls which feature serpent, frog and tadpole designs and appliques. Well-known, contemporary Zuni potters are the Nahohai, Peynetsa, and Kelestewa families.
DESCRIPTION -ZUNI POT -MRM DIGITAL COLLECTION
This is a Zuni polychrome dark-on-cream colored pot. It is 6.75″ high and has an 8″ diameter center with a 4.87″ opening at the top. Itis decorated with two “heartline deer” images, center florets, with six birds encircling the base. The top of the vase contains traditional elements of the Zuni Rain Bird, clouds and rain.This piece was made between 1940 and 1950. The artist was Effa Boone, the daughter of a famous Zuni artist, Charley Jamon.